Saturday, December 28, 2019

Classical Management Theory and Human Relations Theory

The systematic development of management thinking is viewed, generally, as spanning from the end of the nineteenth century with the emergence of large industrial organizations. Management theories consist of two group—classical management theory and human relations theory. In this essay, the nature of the â€Å"Classical† and â€Å"Human Relations† approaches to management will be described at first and then bring out the differences and similarities between them. The classical theory of management was formed in the early 20th century and based on a pyramid, formal structure. To be more precise, it puts an emphasis on technical requirements of the organisation, common principles as well as hierarchy of management. There are three well-established†¦show more content†¦In this sense, human relations theory is about humanization as technique.Finally, classical management theory avoided ‘informal groups’, but the human relations movement supported There is no denying that both theories exert profound influence of company’s management. For instance, McDonald Corporation takes the idea of classical management theory. Work force of McDonald Corporation is divided into different jobs. More exactly, probably divides employees up into chefs, people serving, people frying, people packing the burgers, and maybe some one on the drive through. That is to say, different people are now doing different things on the production line; therefore the worker become good at what they are doing, make production more efficient and little training needed. Yet at the mean time, many problems have arisen, the main reason for this is that the worker may becomes monotonous with what they are doing and have lower job satisfaction (which can lead to lower productivity) ,as well as they may eventfully be replaced by machinery. As for the theory of human relations, this can be best illustrated with the example of Tavistock Institute in London which undertook to study the work of coal miners. Tavistock Institute understood that job simplification and specialization did not augment productivity but giving more autonomy to the work group in organising their work shift, did produce betterShow MoreRelatedClassical And Human Relations Management Theory1504 Words   |  7 Pagesa report based on the classical and human relations management theorist. The main objective of the report is to critically evaluate the classical and human relations management theories approaches into today’s working place and society. To begin with, management theories are a set of ideas, introduced and presented mostly by professors and psychologist, to help direct managers and supervisors plan, manage, control their businesses and workplaces. In other words, management theorists are ideas whichRead MoreClassical Scientific Management Theory And Human Relations Theory1358 Words   |  6 Pagesdifferent theoretical perspectives. This paper will be d iscussing the Scientific Management, Cultural Perspective, Political-Economic Theory, and Human Relations Theory. It will also be discussing each of the key concepts that are associated within each theoretical perspective. I will state some of the strengths and some of the weaknesses of each theory that was mentioned above. Lastly, my opinion for each of these theories would be provided to give you a look on how they are run in the society. I hopeRead MoreClassical Scientific Management Theory And Human Relations Theory1356 Words   |  6 Pagesdifferent theoretical perspectives. This paper will be discussing the Scientific Management, Cultural Perspective, Political-Economic Theory, and Human Relations Theory. It will also be discussing each of the key concepts that are associated within each theoretical perspective. I will state some of the strengths and some of the weaknesses of each theory that was mentioned above. Lastly, my opinion for each of these theories would be provided to give you a look on how they are run in the society. I hopeRead MoreCritically Evaluate the Classical and Human Relations Approaches of Management Theory1679 Words   |  7 PagesCritically evaluate the classical and human relations approaches of management theory. Your essay must clearly define the term â€Å"management theory† and include industry examples to illustrate your answers. 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