Monday, March 25, 2019
Gothic Arches Versus Romanesque Arches Essay -- Architecture
Thesis, Argument Outline, and EvidenceIn the late 12th century the Romanesque current of style morphed into the Gothic period of style. The Romanesque period was characterized by the following thick walls, barrel/round arches, supporting groin vaults, and thick buttresses (Calkins 1998, 110). The Gothic period was characterized by the following concentrate walls, pointed arches, stained glass, and flying buttresses (Icher 1998, 20-30). During the early medieval years, the routine of thick walls in building a church or cathedral was not exactly to arrive at a stable monumental building but to assist protect the building during wars or battles. Building thick stone walls in like manner helped protect the building from incendiarism which tended to happen frequently when older woody churches were under attack (Fitchen 1981, 42-6). The seemingly smooth transition between the devil periods can easily be seen with the change of apply barrel arches to using pointed arches in cathe dral architecture. By transitioning from barrel arches to pointed arches, cathedral builders were able to create greater support for cathedral roofs while conserving stone, reducing the sizes of buttresses and walls, and they also created a new meaning to what churches symbolized.The main argument, for the thesis above, is how with the use of pointed arches contributed to the downsizing use of stone in other sections of cathedral construction. The use of barrel arches in the past cathedral construction restricted the efflorescence limitations of the cathedral collectable to the height and width ratio of the barrel archway. But pointed archways increased the spectrum of height and width variations because of the design of the pointed arch itself. The flexibility of the pointed arch can be attributed... ... what cathedrals symbolize. With supporting evidence from the discipline of geometry and examples from cathedrals, such as Saint Denis and the Beauvis duomo the use and developme nt of the pointed arch has forever transformed the architectural ornament of medieval Europe.Works CitedAnderson, William. The Rise of the Gothic. New Hampshire Salem House Publishers, 1985.Calkins, Robert G. chivalrous Architecture in Western Europe from A.D. 300 to 1500. New York Oxford University Press, USA, 1998.Fitchen, John. The kink of Gothic Cathedrals a Study of chivalrous Vault Erection. Phoenix ed. moolah University Of Chicago Press, 1981.Hiscock, Nigel. The Wise Master Builder Platonic Geometry in Plans of Medieval Abbeys and Cathedrals. Chicago Ashgate Pub Ltd, 2000.Icher, Franois. Building the Great Cathedrals. New York Harry N. Abrams, 1998.