Thursday, February 14, 2019

Whorf Essay :: essays research papers

In An Ameri foot Indian Model of the Universe, Whorf uses the Hopi culture as an example to licence that perception is located by spoken phrase. jibe to Whorf, speakers of Hopi and non-speakers of Hopi can never comprehend the universe the alike way. Whorf believes that the Hopi culture has no general nonion or intuition of sequence(370), referring to the absence of the word succession in the Hopi language as hale as the past, present, and in store(predicate) tenses in the Hopi grammar. He describes the Hopi grammar as having only the manifested and the manifesting(372), which well-nigh translates to the known and the unknown respectively. Something manifested or objective can include a past event, something that is occurring right now, as well as anything that can be grasped by the physical senses. Conversely, the subjective or the manifesting covers not only the future but also anything that is abstract or unreachable to the physical senses, such as mentality, intell ection, and emotion(372). Anything subjective in the Hopi language is associated with the verb tuntya(374), or hope. According to Whorf, the word is really a term which crystallizes the Hopi philosophical system of the universe(374). It contains the have idea of thought, desire, and cause,(374) but is at the same judgment of conviction associated with inanimate objects and impulsive actions the Hopi see hope in the growing of plants, the forming of clouds and their condensation in rain and in all human hoping, wishing, striving, and taking thought and as most specially concentrated in prayer(374). While it is honest that the Hopi language has no word quite equivalent to our quantify,(375) the essence of time remains des opposee their not having a word to define it. If told by an elder to extend a raise going, a Hopi fireguard observing a fire pit can mentally grasp the destiny of the fire needing more than wood by taking note of the polish of the embers. A cowhand wit h a pocket watch observing from a distant cumulation may notice the young Hopi getting up to replenish the pit with firewood every forty-five minutes. But the fireguard does not think in terms of seconds, minutes, or hours. He is merely utilise his observation of the embers to suppose time the same way the cowboy tells time looking at his watch. By reading the color of the sky, or the couch of the sun, a Hopi pass in the desert will most believably know how tight he would have to walk in value to get to a certain location before dark.Whorf Essay essays research papers In An American Indian Model of the Universe, Whorf uses the Hopi culture as an example to demonstrate that perception is determined by language. According to Whorf, speakers of Hopi and non-speakers of Hopi can never perceive the universe the same way. Whorf believes that the Hopi culture has no general notion or intuition of time(370), referring to the absence of the word time in the Hopi language as well a s the past, present, and future tenses in the Hopi grammar. He describes the Hopi grammar as having only the manifested and the manifesting(372), which roughly translates to the known and the unknown respectively. Something manifested or objective can include a past event, something that is occurring right now, as well as anything that can be grasped by the physical senses. Conversely, the subjective or the manifesting covers not only the future but also anything that is abstract or inaccessible to the physical senses, such as mentality, intellection, and emotion(372). Anything subjective in the Hopi language is associated with the verb tuntya(374), or hope. According to Whorf, the word is really a term which crystallizes the Hopi philosophy of the universe(374). It contains the combined idea of thought, desire, and cause,(374) but is at the same time associated with inanimate objects and involuntary actions the Hopi see hope in the growing of plants, the forming of clouds and their condensation in rain and in all human hoping, wishing, striving, and taking thought and as most especially concentrated in prayer(374). While it is true that the Hopi language has no word quite equivalent to our time,(375) the essence of time remains despite their not having a word to define it. If told by an elder to keep a fire going, a Hopi fireguard observing a fire pit can mentally grasp the urgency of the fire needing more wood by taking note of the color of the embers. A cowboy with a pocket watch observing from a distant hill may notice the young Hopi getting up to replenish the pit with firewood every forty-five minutes. But the fireguard does not think in terms of seconds, minutes, or hours. He is merely using his observation of the embers to gauge time the same way the cowboy tells time looking at his watch. By reading the color of the sky, or the position of the sun, a Hopi walking in the desert will most likely know how fast he would have to walk in order to get to a c ertain location before dark.

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