Wednesday, January 2, 2019
Essay On Political Parties In India Essay
affix in National Issues of India by Vijay Jaiswal On August 29, 2013. No comments In a modern democratic governmental arrangement of India, with governments based on fan tanary model, semipolitical parties atomic number 18 central to the working of the political corpse.Political parties in Indian nation grow up the as spokesman of organized interests. Thus a Political friendship system in India is an organization of want minded people based together either to preserve and grow convention interests or to promote a detail ideology. Usually every companionship seeks to promote just about detail interest and ideology. The political caller constantly seeks to capture governmental index numbers to secure its ends. In a democracy, the party gets into power through elections.In a parliamentary system such of India, the political party winning the majority of seats in the Lower House of the Parliament forms the Government, man the society or Parties flunk to get the m ajority constitutes the opposition. Thus the Parliamentary government is always a companionship government. It may be the government of a single party or it may be the government of a compaction of parties.The nature of political party system in India was characterized by Morris Jhones as a dominant one party system. It intend that India basically has a multi-party system just one among the many parties is dominant party and monopolizes governmental power. Since independence up to the quaternary general election in 1947 this was on the nose the picture. The copulation party was in power during all the twenty years from 1947-67 some(prenominal) at the centre and in the states with a brief exception in Kerala in 1958. The 1967 elections saw the fall of the sexual relation monopoly in several states where unsound alinements were established. The sixth ordinary Election in 1977 witnessed the fall of the recounting at the centre. The Janata Government was established. But the Janata experimentation soon failed. For Janata was in reality an unstable coalition. The Congress gained back its power in 1980. Then there was a B.J.P. coalition government at the centre and in few states.On the terms of their limit and aspirations, parties in India fall into two categories all in all India politicalparties andregional political parties.Thus the Congress (I) or the Jananta dekalitre or the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are truly in all India parties having some sort of allure throughout India and having entirely India aspirations.There are some other political parties which are professedly All India parties but their influence is limited to particular regions. They may be classed us regional parties with All India aspirations. The communistic Party of India (Marxist), the commie Party of India, the Forward Block, the Revolutionary socialist Party (R.S.P) and so forth fall into this category. The influence of the C.P.I. (M) for standard is concentrated in westside Bengal, Kerala and Tripura.The regional political parties are those which are frankly regional in their aspirations accent their ethnic or linguistic identities. The D.M.K. or the A.I.A.D.M.K. in Tamil Nadu, the Telugu Desham in Andhra, and the A.G.P. in Assam or the National Conference in Jammu and Kashmir fall into this category.There are also some frankly communal parties deal the Shib Sena emphasizing their religious identity.On the basis of ideology, Indian parties may be classified advertisement into conservative, liberal democratic and revolutionary parties.The B.J.P. for example is a conservative party. The Janata Dal and the Congress are liberal democratic parties. The Communist Parties, the Revolutionary Socialist Party etc. are revolutionary parties seeking restructuring of the society along Marxian Lines, while the B.J.P. may be said to occupy the extreme proficient position in the political spectrum, the Congress, the Janata Dal stand at the centre while the Communist Parties and the R.S.P. occupy the extreme go forth position.