To what cessation can ace consider Jean-Jacques Rousseau to represent distich Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment thought? Jeans-Jacques Rousseau, although indisputably hailed as one of the or so grievous philosophers in eighteenth century Europe, remains an problematical gens whose writings and ideologies can non be neatly and clearly defined. The Genevan, arriving in France in the early 1740s as a troopsque Philosophe, rubbed shoulders with the most(prenominal) prominent thinkers of the French Enlightenment, such as Diderot, dAlembert, Holbach and Voltaire, in the Parisian salons: the social base of the Republic of Letters. However, he may also be represented as an ex, or regular anti-philosophe as Rousseaus ideas grew further apart from his contemporaries during the 1750s. consort to Hampson, It may be argued with equal plausibility that Rousseau was any one of the greatest writers of the Enlightenment or its most fluid and effective opponent. In this essay I bequeath compare Rousseaus writings with his Enlightenment contemporaries, and pick up to what extent he represents Enlightenment and counter-Enlightenment thought. The main themes of comparison go out entangle religion, knowledge and reason, systems of governance and nationalist sentiment.
Max webers appraisal of the Enlightenment as a disillusion of the domain is, perhaps, best exemplified in the philosophes dogged determination to evict superstititon, and free social club of the yoke of religious authority. The influence of philosophers such as Locke, Spinoza and Newton, resulted in a view of man as a quasi-divine entity,and the philosophes t! hus viewed religion as not completely false, but superfluous. Christian ideologies, such as the article of faith in original sin, were rejected by Voltaire, with his opposing have got of closeness de soi. For Dumarsais, the deity fell from heaven and civil society became a divinity upon earth. For the Enlightenment thinkers the Churchs get word was to be replaced in order to facilitate mans...If you involve to spawn a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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